The Union Territory of Puducherry with its unique French Heritage and diversified linguistic culture comprising of four region viz., Puducherry, Karaikal and Yanam in East coast and Mahe on the West coast with a total coastal line of 45 kms with 1000 sq.km of continental shelves enriched with marine fisheries potential. The Department of Fisheries and Fishermen Welfare has established during the year 1954 i.e. after de-facto merger of former French colony of Pondicherry into the Union of India with an objective to augment marine & inland fish production and also to cater the needs of the fishing community so as to uplift their socio economic status. Amongst the 95,467 nos of fishermen population 28,966 nos. of fishermen are actively engaged in fishing from 27 nos of marine fishing villages and 23 nos of inland fishing villages/hamlets scattered in and around Union Territory of Puducherry. This Union Territory is also endowed with 1400 Ha of inland water area in the form of Ponds and Tanks suitable for both capture and culture fishery. 800 Ha of Brackish water areas are available for undertaking Brackish water Prawn culture.
Fishery Sector has become a vital sector enriched with a source of livelihood for fishermen and also generating employment to a large extent of the society as well as sharing for national food security and valuable foreign exchange earnings. Under marine sector, coastal fisheries in many parts of the country having reached a saturation level and unexploited potential which lies in the deep sea has to be tapped up by adopting diversified method of fishing. It is imperative to modernize the sector with diversified method of fishing with various new components related to exploitation of deep sea oceanic fishery resources. To exploit the deep sea fishing resources, this department is extending subsidy assistance to fishermen for procurement of steel/ FRP hulled boats.